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education

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Objectives: The objectives of this study were to observe the developmental trajectories of motivation types among young children from 8 to 12 years using a more comprehensive scale of physical education motivation. We also tested the relations between these trajectories and objective physical activity during this period.
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The Lausanne Youth Olympic Games in January 2020 rep­resent a unique opportunity for the canton of Vaud to ­strengthen its policy of health promotion through physical activity and sport among young people. Several factors influence physical activity and physical fitness of a population. Ecological models describe correlates of physical activity in general population and youth. However, no model describes correlates of physical fitness. To close this gap, the model of physical fitness and its correlates among children and adolescents of the canton of Vaud (PACE model) was developed.
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Until now, there have been no studies in Switzerland that investigate differences in the motor performance disposition of children in urban and rural as well as in traditional and physical education kindergartens. A newly developed test instrument (MOBAK-KG) was therefore used in a supra-­cantonal research project in school year 2017/18 to test the motor skills of 4- to 6-year-old children (n = 403, Ø 5,7 years, SD = .56) in the areas of “self-movement” and «object-movement».
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In den letzten Jahrzehnten hat die Zahl der wissenschaftlichen Studien im Gebiet der Sportmedizin oder zu sportlichen Leistungen im weiteren Sinne erheblich zugenommen. Immer mehr Fachzeitschriften sind verfügbar, und die Zahl der eingereichten Manuskripte nimmt im Laufe der Jahre weiter zu. Interessanterweise beschäftigt sich ein wachsender Teil dieser Arbeiten mit Themen, die direkt die Akteure (Ärzte, Physiotherapeuten, Trainer, Sportlehrer, Sportwissenschaftler usw.) betreffen, welche sich täglich mit den Athleten befassen.
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Kinder sind von klein auf hoch motiviert, sich zu bewegen, freuen sich an neu gewonnenen motorischen Fertigkeiten und haben Spass an der Bewegung. Dabei geht es nicht um Sport, sondern einfach nur um die aktuelle Freude an der Aktivität an sich. Sport – also Bewegung um eines Zieles wegen – sollte später kommen. Das Eintrittsalter in den Wettkampfsport ist jedoch in den letzten Jahren gesunken, Leistungssport bei Grundschülern mit Trainingsumfängen von 10–20 Stunden pro Woche in Sportarten wie Schwimmen, Turnen, rhythmische Sportgymnastik oder Ähnliches hat es früher nicht gegeben.
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Objective: The objective of the project is to actively integrate students partially dispensed from school sport through an adapted form of sports dispensation as well as a customized selection of exercises. Method: By means of two online questionnaires, both structured similarly with respect to questions and main themes, a needs assessment was carried out. The questionnaires were sent by e-mail to 2600 members of three Swiss medical associations, doctors of the University Children’s hospital of Basel as well as to approximately 4000 sports teachers of the Swiss organization for sports at school.
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This paper highlights the findings of a comparative cross-sectional study in the cantons of Uri (UR) and Schwyz (SZ). In this study, participating in sports and daily physical activity among 5th grades were observed trough selected indicators. The study was conducted in autumn 2012 and 2013 and included a randomly selected sample of 161 pupils in Uri (10.6±0.7 year olds) and 261 pupils in the canton of Schwyz (10.7±0.7 year olds). In both regions, a high rate of participation in free time sports activities could be detected: 68.8% (UR) and 70.1% (SZ) of all the children involved are members of a sports club, with more than half of them, being active, both in and outside of sports club.
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Pendant les années 2011–2013, 151 jeunes talents sportifs et artistes du programme pour talents sportifs et artistiques du Canton du Tessin («Programme pour talents SMS») ont participé à un projet de suivi de leur santé sur le plan psychologique. Les objectifs visés par ce projet étaient l’évaluation du risque de surcharge psychologique de la population observée et le test de l’efficacité d’une intervention psycho-éducative de groupe pour réduire ce risque. Les jeunes talents – subdivisés en un groupe intervention (n=28) et un groupe contrôle (n=123) – ont rempli un questionnaire d’entrée (PRE), mesurant les paramètres psychologiques tels que l’anxiété, les motivations intrinsèques, ainsi que quatre facteurs de burnout et la perception d’un conflit d’intérêt entre pratique sportive/artistique et études. 8 mois après, ils ont été à nouveau interrogés au moyen du même questionnaire (POST), complété par des questions d’évaluation finale. Les réponses aux questionnaires d’entrée ont permis de montrer que 57.6% de l’ensemble des jeunes talents sont potentiellement à risque de surcharge psychologique.
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