postural control

Bruxism refers to the non-physiological clenching and grinding of the teeth, due to repetitive masticatory muscle activity. A distinction is made between sleep and awake bruxism [1]. Waking bruxism occurs with a prevalence of 22-31% and sleep bruxism with 9-15%. The prevalence peaks in the 2nd -3rd decade of life [2]. Differences between the sexes have not yet been clearly clarified [3-5].
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Problems: Correlations between the occlusal situation and the movement apparatus are currently controversially discussed in literature. However, studies with athletes are missing in this area. Therefore the question arises, whether a systematic block of the occlusion by a silicone panel shows effects on the postural control in athletes. Methods: In this study 16 male volunteers of a team of 1. Handball league were investigated. With the help of 1 or 2 mm thick silicon panel their occlusion was blocked symmetrical and asymmetrical. The effects in terms of their postural control were recorded on a force plate (GP Multisens, GeBioM, Münster/Germany).
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