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exercise is medicine

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HEPA Europe, the European network for the promotion of health-enhancing physical activity, will have its 10th annual meeting in 2014. Membership of the network has grown to 129 institutions from 32 countries. Collaborations have been established with the World Health Organization (WHO), the European Union (EU), Agita Mundo, the global network for physical activity promotion, other regional networks, and the International Society for Physical Activity and Health. Physical activity has moved up on the public agenda; in 2013 the EU Council adopted its first ever Council Recommendation in sport, notably on promoting health-enhancing physical activity, and in 2014 WHO has begun the development of a Physical Activity Strategy for the European region.
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There is a substantial lack of research comparing the effects of game console-based activities against conventional activities (aerobic, bicycle ergometer) within therapeutic and rehabilitative settings and the results are inconsistent. The aim of the study was to investigate if training with exergames (Nintendo Wii vs. Xbox 360) compared with conventional activities (bicycle ergometer) would have different effects on physiological and psychological parameters. Method: A quantitative three-armed, randomised, not-blinded study design was used. The test persons were randomly assigned to one of three activities: 1) Bicycle ergometer (n = 6); 2. Nintendo Wii game (n = 16); 3. Xbox 360 game (n = 17).
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Strength training has numerous positive effects on fitness, health, and physical performance. In terms of Evidenced Based Training, however, there is a scientific lack of facts regarding the efficiency of different physical criteria and training methodology. By means of a meta-analysis including 45 primary studies and a total num ber of 1712 participants, 203 effect sizes in pre-post design were identi-fied regarding the variation of maximum strength. The effect sizes found differed depending on individual preconditions, such as train ing status, gender, age, and methodological variables like du-ration of study, total training frequency, training parameters, etc.
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Early detection and monitoring of overweight and obesity in childhood has become a public health priority worldwide in the 21st century. Therefore, the aim of this study was to estimate the current prevalence and trends in overweight and obesity among 5, 10 and 14 year-olds children in Liechtenstein. The study is based on a time series of 4 cross-sectional screening examinations conducted in 2004, 2006, 2008 and 2010 and included data of 2978 children (1490 boys and 1488 girls). Body mass index (BMI) was calculated on anthropometric measurements and categorised using international as well as German cut-off criteria.
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